Aim and objectives of the Course:

·       To make awareness the general and basic principles of Epistemology

·       Familiarize the students about the General characteristics of Indian Epistemology in a comparative perspective.

·       To make acquaintance with the theories of knowledge in Indian systems about some problems of logical and metaphysical approach.

·       To make awareness in Indian Western theories of truth and error in validating knowledge forms.

 Teaching and Learning Activities.

            This course is divided into four modules.  Each module may  take  4 to 5 week of teaching, learning activities, lecturer classes, seminars, assignments and tutorials are designed as methods of teachings.


            Two credits will be internally evaluated through continuous assessment.  Two credits will be assigned by University through End semester examination. The internal assessment will include three components (1) Seminar,
 (2) Assignment and (3) Test paper.  The Evaluation will be based on the 9 point grading system.

Course Outline


Epistemology General Introduction. Indian Perspective, Definition of Knowlede (Buddhi) Classification- Argumentation, Nyaya Theory of Knowledge, Meaning of valid knowledge, Division of Pramana in Indian theories.  


Nature of knowledge as a knowing device, Svatahpramanyavada- pararthapramanavada. Importance of Anumanpramana.  Mediate and immediate form of  inferential knowledge.


Verbal apprehension Relation between word and meaning.  The importance of word and sentence.


Form of knowledge and knowing methods in Western perspective. Ancient methods  in receiving  knowing objects.  Means of knowledge  according to Aristotelian  Philosophy. Categorization of proposition, formal and material Logic etc..

Text  for reading

1.               The Nyaya theory of knowledge by S.C. Chatterjee, University of Calcutta.

2.               History of Indian Epistemology, Jwala Prasad

3.               A text Book of Deductive Logic, S.C Sarkar, Culcutta.


Additional Readings

             Introduction to Logic by I.M Copi and Cohen


Modes of Assessment & Examination

50%  Internal assessment:  Seminar,   Assignment, 

and  Test paper -                                                                  2 credits

50%   External and End- semester examination -                       2 credits

Question Paper Pattern


1. Paragraph answers- six   out of eight

2. Define with context- six   out of eight

3. Paragraph answers- two out of four

4. Essay- one out of two