Course Outcomes

CO 1 Understand the socio-economic structure of rural India within the lens of social work methods

CO 2 Understand the prospects and problems of rural development in India

CO 3 Understand local self-administration of rural development and development agencies working for rural development 

CO 4 Gain knowledge about experiments in rural community development

CO 5 Develop sensitivity to the needs and rights of the rural people and analytical skills and commitment to work with them

CO 6 Critically analyze and evaluate rural community development programme and policies 

CO 7 Demonstrate critical ability to analyze and assess complex phenomena and issues in the field of rural development and rural livelihoods

CO 8 Design rural development programmes and projects

Module 1

Rural community: Meaning, definition and characteristics. Villages: Meaning and Types of villages. Rural Community Development: Concept and definition, Objectives and principles, Strategies and scope. Integrated rural development, Women in rural development. Rural problems: Poverty and unemployment, water and sanitation, problems of agricultural farmers and workers, Concept of discrimination and social exclusion. Food security issues in rural India. Application of social work methods in rural development.

Module 2

Rural Development programmes in India: Concept, History. Rural Services and Development programmes in contemporary India - NREGA, NRLM, NHM, PMRY, Area Development programmes, Rural Housing, Sanitation and water supply programmes, Rural health care and family welfare services. Administrative structure of community development departments in India and Kerala. Rural social development: Rural children, Rural women: Education, Health and nutrition. Early experiments of rural development: Sri Niketan, Marthandom, Gurgaon, Firka Development, Nilokheri and Etawah Pilot project. Rural reconstruction: views of Gandhi and Tagore.                                         

Module 3

Movements & Struggles in Rural development: Agrarians, Peasant, Neosocial; Land legislation, Land reforms and rural development. Migration: nature, pattern and its impact on rural development, Development induced Displacement, CSR and its role in rural community  development, Science and Technology for rural development, Rural Technology missions, and National extension services – Krishi Vigyan Kendra, State and national Institute of Rural Development -Training for community development personnel, Kila, Kudumbasree, Peoples Planning and participation ,Jalanidhi.                                     

Module 4

Rural Governance: Meaning and structure: Organizational and administrational governance: Village, Block, State and national. Panchayati Raj System: Historical perspectives, Power and functions, Panchayati Raj Institutions in Kerala, Elected and appointed functionaries. E-governance in rural development, democratic decentralization. Decentralization and globalization, Balwant Rai Mehta committee report, Ashok Mehta Committee Report, 73rd amendment of constitution, Grama Sabhas and social audit, Five-year plans and NITI Ayog, Rural development policies. MDG and Rural development in India

Module 5

Rural co-operatives: Types, structure and functions. Concept, scope and limitations of the co-operative movement, Co-operative movement and rural development, History of cooperative movement in Kerala, Credit cooperatives, co-operatives in marketing, credit needs of the rural poor-  NABARD, NIRD, RRB and other Nationalized banks, Micro credits, Microfinance and Micro enterprises, Self-help groups- concept, formation.