PSOM 11301 CLASSICAL SOCIOLOGICAL TRADITION 

4 credits 

Course Outcomes (COs):

 1. Understand the historical roots and emergence of sociology.

 2. Understand the contributions of classical thinkers to generate interest in the discipline.

 3. Enable understanding of classical theorists through reading their original texts. 

4. Exhibit oral and written communication skills in disseminating sociological knowledge based on original works of classical thinkers. 

 Module 1: Historical Emergence of Sociology

 1.1. Intellectual Context - Renaissance to Enlightenment to Social Philosophy of Saint Simon 1.2. Social, Political and Economic Context – Revolutions

1.3. Sociology as a science – Comte, and Spencer 

Module 2: Emile Durkheim

 2.1 Emergence of Sociology as an academic discipline 

2.2 Views on Sociological Method – Rules of Sociological Methods 

2.3 Durkheim as Functionalist – The Division of Labour & Elementary Forms of Religious Life

 2.4 Empirical approach - Theory of Suicide 

Module 3: Karl Marx

 3.1 Conception of Society - Dialectical and Historical Materialism

 3.2 Social structure & Economic determinism; Formation of Social Classes

 3.3 Capitalism, Commodity production, Labour theory of value, alienation 3.4 Theory of social change – Ideology, Class Consciousness, Class Struggle 

Module 4: Max Weber 

4.1 Methodological Individualism – Sociology as an interpretative Science, Social Action, Ideal Type

4.2 Value Neutrality and Causality 

4.3 Rationality and Modernity – Rationalization 

4.4 Theory of Power and Authority - Bureaucracy 

4.5 Views on World Religions and Economy-Thesis on Protestant Ethic 

4.6 Theory of stratification