This Course consists of the Philosophical traditions of Phenomenology, Hermeneutics, Existentialism, Poststructuralism, Psychoanalytical Theory and Feminist Theory

Epistemology as a sub discipline of Philosophy, has been concerned with three major issues: First what is knowledge or how do we define knowledge, second what are the means of acquiring it or how do you get knowledge, and third, Is knowledge possible or how do you defend knowledge. Most ancient response to these questions come from Plato: in the The Theaetetus he attempts to give a formal definition of knowledge as true belief securely tied down. Since Aristotle however, the second concern, namely how do we know occupied the center stage, and subsequently epistemology moved around this axis, attending majorly to the issues regarding the feasibility and reliability of the methods proposed for acquiring knowledge. The skeptical challenges received attention all through the ages and skepticism as a school flourished side by side with mainstream epistemology ever since the Greek times.Posterior to the Gettier problem, along with standard analysis even other related issues in epistemology began to receive attention. Among the cluster of issues that received attention in the post Gettier period, the prime theme was the justification condition, the most notorious among the three conditions of knowledge. As Gettier himself has revealed in his brief article, the assumptions with which he constructed the counter examples revolve round the two presuppositions with which  justification condition has been  employed down the years,  first that ā€˜Sā€™ can be justified of believing a proposition h even though h is false, and the second that  justification is preserved in valid reasoning. The reformulations of standard analysis attempted by epistemologists are all in a way attempts to immunise knowledge analysis from the inherent difficulties with which the justification condition suffers in an internalist structure.  The proposed  course would address the issues highlighted here along with some of the contemporary ramifications on it. 

course name: LOGIC ā€“ PY

 code: PPHM 11203

Analytical Philosophy is a core paper for MA Philosophy Programme. It gives a detailed exposition of the twentieth century development in the history of the western philosophy, which turns its focus to the study of working of human language in general.  

This course is designed to impart the basics of ecophilosophy which is regarded as one of the recent developments in the discipline of Philosophy. The entire course consists of four modules. The first module discusses the origin and development of ecophilosophy.  In the second module some of the issues in ecophilosophy such as anthropocentrism, value theories, Biocentrism, Ecocentrism, and Holism are discussed. The third module analyses the metaphysical, feminist, and phenomenological approaches to ecophilosophy. Here, deep ecology, ecofeminism, and ecophenomenology are discussed. The fourth module focuses on the socialist tradition in ecophilosophy which include critical Marxism, Eco-Marxism, Frankfurt School, and social ecology. 

Studies in Buddhist culture is meant for giving a detailed exposition of the cultural aspects of Buddhism in contrast to Buddhist Philosophy.


The Buddha and his time, existential and social sufferings of man, ritualistic and spiritual formalities, rivals and forerunners, life and teachings of the Buddha, bondage and liberation, Sangha and Monastery, Tripitakas and other sources of Buddhism. 


 1. Lal Mani Joshi: 'Background of earlier development' 2. G. C. Pandey: 'Early Buddhism in relation to its rivals and forerunners' 3. G. C. Pandey: 'The Buddhist canon and its chronology' 4. Stephen c Berkwitz:. Foundations: mainstream Buddhist text and communities. 5. Debiprasad Chadhopadhya: 'Some aspects of early Buddhism'